Tag Archives: Heraklion International Airport

NEA ALIKARNASSOS DESCENDANTS OF ANCIENT GREECE, A WORLD WONDER, MINOR ASIA AND CRETE

Other official historic names of Nea Alikarnassos are: Halicarnassus, Halikarnassos, Alikarnassos and Bodrum.

Very close to Alikarnassos and in the wider region of Caria there are ancient artifacts and tombs of Mycenaeans (1500BC-1200BC). This is evidence of one of the origins of Nea Alikarnassos citizens. Another proven origin is from a Dorian colony. In ancient Greece, Alikarnassos appears as a member of The Dorian Hexapolis that included Kos, Cnidus, Lindos, kameiros and Ialysos. However, Alikarnassos was expelled from this union, when one of it’s citizens Agasicles did not dedicated his trophy from the Triopian games to Triopian Apollo. Later, in the 5th century, Alikarnassos was under the commands of Artemisia I of Caria. She is famous for her participation as a naval commander in the battle of Salamis.

Between 404 BC to 358 BC, Caria (including Alikarnassos) was part of the Persian Empire and the King was Hecatomnus who established the Hecatomnid Dynasty. He had three sons: Mausolus, Idrieus, Pixodarus and two daughters: Artemisia and Ada. Artemisia married her brother Mausolus and Ada married her brother Idrieus.

Mausolus made Alikarnassos capital of Caria and developed a lot the city with his wife Artemisia II. He died in 353 BC and Artemisia decided to construct a magnificent tomb in memory of her husband, King Mausolus and for herself. This tomb is widely known as Mausoleum, one of the 7 Wonders of The Ancient World.

Idrieus the brother of Artemisia II of Caria succeeded her. In 344 BC, Idrieus died and he was succeeded by his wife and sister Ada. In 340 BC Pixodamus succeeded Ada. He died in 350 BC and he was succeeded by his son in law Orontobates with the approval of King Darius III of Persia. This was the end of The Persian occupation of Nea Alikarnassos.

It is remarkable that King Alexander The Great entered Caria in 334 BC and passed the goverment of the region to Artemisia. She in turn adopted King Alexander in order to ensure the continue of Caria Kingdom. However, the Persians who lost the war destructed many constructions of Alikarnassos and the wider area of Caria. Alikarnassos never recovered form the destruction.

The current town of Nea Aliarnassos started to be built mainly to the east, southeast of the center of Heraklion city after the end of Greek-Turkish war and the Minor Asia Catastrophe in 1922 by The Greek goverment and the refugees.

In present time, Nea Alikarnassos is a well constructed suburb of Heraklion city in Crete, Greece. A unique characteristic of this place is that it hosts the Heraklion International Airport, The Industrial area of Heraklion and it is located very close to Heraklion port and the center of Heraklion city. The majority of it’s constructions are built on rocky ground, making it also a safer place from earthquakes. Other unique characteristics are that the majority of Nea Alikarnassos residents are descendants of a World Wonder (Mausoleum), Minor Asia and Ancient Greece ( Mycenaens, Dorians, Carians, Macedonians). Finally, the residents of Nea Alikarnassos were mixed through marriages with many Cretans from various places of Crete after the establishment of the town in 1922. So, multiculture and convergence of civilizations is another unigue characteristic of Nea Alikarnassos residents.

E-BCR,

Michael Kassotakis

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Rise and Landing in Heraklion – Visit to a chapel – Holly Places Improvements

Today, I started a rise and landing in Heraklion. I arrived in Heraklion between 15:00-15:20. I stopped at the closest Fuel Station, this is a  British Petroleum Unit at 15:35 and I put efficient fuel for a short drive.

I drove towards the rise of The Heraklion Industrial Zone and crossed many roads like I-K-L-M. I remember, the Industrial Zone was flourishing  when I was a teenager in the 90’s. Nowadays, many businesses face financial problems there and few of them can survive.

I continued the drive towards the hill of the industrial zone that The Chapel of Saints Pantes is located. I climbed the stairs and entered in The Chapel and The Holly Temple. I put some money in the relevant box, I took some candles, and lighted the candles for their grace. I kissed The Holly Pictures of The Saints Pantes, including Her Holiness Madonna and exited the temple.

The good points are that:

1)there are surveillance cameras for the protection of the visitors, guests, pilgrims, the chapel and the temple.

2)the chapel and the temple are built by stones and other concrete materials.

3)it has water and other facilities for the host of mass service, baptisms weddings etc

4) it has a magnificent and panoramic view of Heraklion city, and around areas, of Heraklion Industrial Zone, Heraklion International  Airport, and the beaches of Karteros, Amnissos, Tobruk and the avenue towards Chersonissos, Malia and Eastern Crete.

His Holiness Archbishop Irineos:The repairs that have to be made are:

1)A higher wall around the chapel for the increase of safety.

2)Water of the plants and trees when you repair the water network.

3)Paint white the walls, the facilities, the temple and the chapel with insulating paint for their better protection through the pass of time.

4) Remove the stable bars and put bars that can be risen when events are organized.

Most of the above good points and points for improvement can be generalized and applied in chapels, temples, churches, monasteries,

Archdioceses, Patriarchates and other Holly Religious Places.

“Archangel Michael”

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Electronic, Business,

Consulting, Research,

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